... A PROTRACTED SYMPOSIUM ...
HOME & INTRODUCTION
// SCHEDULE & PARTICIPANTS // BIBLIOGRAPHY
... an inexhaustive list of other walkers & thinkers & writers ...
Paul Adams / Joseph Amato / Keith Basso / Wendell Berry / Steve Brill / Bill Brown / Susan Buck-Morss
PAUL ADAMS (PhD) has held teaching positions at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, University of Albany, SUNY, and Texas A&M University. His research addresses topics in all areas of communications and geography, including popular culture, globalization, the geographical implications of technological change, spatial aspects of identity and agency, and communication practices in the urban landscape. His publications include articles in Political Geography, Urban Geography, Geographical Review, and Annals of the Association of American Geographers. A monograph titled "Geography and Communication" is nearing completion.
Co-author of "Textures of Place: Exploring Humanist Geographies" and the essay "Peripatetic Imagery and Peripatetic Sense of Place".
JOSEPH AMATO (PhD) - Amato is Professor of Rural and Regional Studies at Southwest State University in Marshall, Minnesota, and principal founder of the Society for Local and Regional History. He is the author of Dust: A History of the Small and the Invisible (California, 2000), Bypass: a Memoir (2000), Golf Beats Us All (So We Love It) (1997); The Decline of Rural Minnesota (1993); The Great Jerusalem Artichoke Circus: The Buying and Selling of the American Rural Dream (1993); Victims and Values: A History and Theory of Suffering (1990); and On Foot: A Cultural History of Walking (2004).
KEITH BASSO (PhD) is a anthropologist who studies language and culture. He has done fieldwork in Australia and the American Southwest. Basso's fieldwork includes a long term relationship with the Western Apache community of Cibecue which began in 1959 and is still there today. He received his B.A. magna cum laude from Harvard University in 1962. Basso received his Ph. D. from Stanford University. He was a fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, New Jersey and the Weatherhead Fellow at the School of American Research at Santa Fe, Mew Mexico. In 1967 he joined the faculty of the Department of Anthropology at the University of Arizona. He became an Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the University of Arizona. Basso is currently a member of the Anthropology Department at the University of New Mexico. He has written and edited many books. Basso has also written numerous articles dealing with language and culture.
Vine Deloria, in a review for the Journal of the West, said, "[in Wisdom Sits in Places] Basso illustrates the idea that language and linguistics are mutually supportive and irretrievably combined so that knowing language connects an individual to the land and knowing the land holds the personality together in a cohesive, balanced unity."
WENDELL BERRY - Poet, essayist, farmer, and novelist Wendell Berry was born on August 5, 1934, in Newcastle, Kentucky. He attended the University of Kentucky at Lexington where he received a B.A. in English in 1956 and an M.A. in 1957. Berry is the author of more than thirty books of poetry, essays, and novels. His collections of poetry include A Timbered Choir: The Sabbath Poems 1979-1997 (Counterpoint, 1997), Entries: Poems (1994), Traveling at Home (1989), Collected Poems 1957-1982 (1985), Clearing (1977), There Is Singing Around Me (1976), and The Broken Ground (1964). His novels include A World Lost (1996), Remembering (1988), and The Memory of Old Jack. Berry is also the author of prose collections including Another Turn of the Crank (Counterpoint, 1995), Sex, Economy, Freedom, & Community (1993), Standing on Earth: Selected Essays (1991), and A Continuous Harmony: Essays Cultural and Agricultural (1972). He has taught at New York University and at the University of Kentucky. Among his honors and awards are fellowships from the Guggenheim and Rockefeller Foundations, a Lannan Foundation Award, and a grant from the National Endowment for the Arts. He married Tanya Amyx in 1957; they have two children. Wendell Berry lives on a farm in Port Royal, Kentucky.
STEVE BRILL - As a naturalist and environmental educator, "Wildman" Steve Brill has been a leading expert on the identification, ecological harvesting, and food and medicinal uses of North America's renewable edible/medicinal wild plants and mushrooms since he began leading tours in and around New York City in 1982. His critically acclaimed Identifying and Harvesting Edible and Medicinal Plants in Wild (and Not-So-Wild) Places (William Morrow Publishers, 1994), and The Wild Vegetarian Cookbook (Harvard Common Press, 2002) are classics in the field. He has been covered often in the New York Times and has appeared on The CBS Evening News and the Late Show with David Letterman, but he's best known for having been arrested and handcuffed for eating a dandelion in Central Park. He speaks and leads tours focusing on common, renewable edible/medicinal wild plants and mushrooms, associated science, ecology, food preparation, history, folklore, and mythology, seasoned with his anecdotes and humor.
Exerpt from National Geographic Magazine / May 1993 >
On school days dozens of teachers lead classes to the park. For many children this is their only opportunity to see a world governed by nature's rhythms. Just north of the zoo I join first graders listening to "Wildman" Steve Brill. His outfit includes a pith helmet and a T shirt with a drawing of himself discovering a huge mushroom. The drawing is accurate: beard, rounded forehead, untamed hair, and eyes that look permanently excited.
Wildman, 43, supports himself by taking people on edible tours of city parks. His interest in plants began when Greek women in his home borough of Queens told him that they picked grape leaves in a neighborhood park. He became a professional food gatherer—or forager-ten years ago. Around the same time, he adopted his new name.
Wildman is a natural teacher. Through noises and contortions he transforms himself into whatever living entity he describes. His arms and neck arch and he is a worm looking for apples; the next moment his body bellows outward and he is a walnut tree intent on protecting its turf from other trees. Within minutes he makes me desperate to learn more about the plants I take for granted.
Although he is self-taught, Wildman sounds encyclopedic as he interweaves folklore, history, science, and nature: "Indians used black walnut to dye clothing. Tea from the hawthorn tree can help with heart disease. White snakeroot is poisonous. If cows eat it, they excrete the deadly poison through their milk and pass it to humans. It killed Abraham Lincoln's mother. I'll bet they never teach you these things in school."
BILL BROWN (PhD) - Brown is a founder member of the Surveillance Camera Players, a New York-based collective formed in 1996 to protest against the use of surveillance cameras in public places. Their opposition is manifested through the performance of specially adapted plays directly in front of public cameras.
SUSAN BUCK-MORSS (PhD) is Professor of Political Philosophy and Social Theory, Department of Government, and Professor of Visual Culture, Department of Art History, Cornell University. She is the author of The Dialectics of Seeing: Walter Benjamin and the Arcades Project (MIT Press, 1989), The Origin of Negative Dialectics: Theodore Adorno, Walter Benjamin and the Frankfurt Institute (Free Press, 1979), and the co-author of Ground Control: Technology and Utopia (Art Books International, 1997). She has also written a number of innovative essays on aesthetics, politics, and the work of art, including: "Aesthetics and Anaesthetics: Walter Benjamin's Artwork Essay Reconsidered," (October 62, Fall 1992) and "The City as Dreamworld and Catastrophe," (October 73, Summer 1995).
JANET CARDIFF was born in Brussels, Ontario, Canada, in 1957. She studied at Queen's University (BFA) in Kingston and the University of Alberta (MVA). She currently lives and works in Lethbridge, Alberta.
Her artworks, whether they are installations or walking pieces, are mainly audio based. She has been included in exhibitions such as: "Sculpture Projects", Muenster, 1997, "Present Tense, Nine Artists in the Nineties", SFMOMA, "NowHere", Louisiana Museum, Denmark, "The Museum as Muse", MOMA, Sao Paulo Bienal '98, 6th International Istanbul Biennial, The Carnegie International '99/00, "The Tate Modern Opening Exhibition" as well as a project commisioned by Artangel in London. Her work is included in private and public collections in Canada, the United States and Europe.
Janet is represented by Luhring Augustine Gallery, NYC, and Barbara Weis Gallery, Berlin.
FRANCESCO CARERI (PhD) graduated in architecture in 1993 in Rome. His doctoral research began in Naples in 1996, resulting in a thesis entitled "The Journey". He is a member of the Stalker urban art workshop, an open interdisciplinary structure that conducts research on the city through experiences of transurbance in open spaces and in interaction with the inhabitants. He has taught at the Institut d'Arts Visuels d'Orléans and the Schools of Architecture of Reggio Calabria and Roma Tre, experimenting together with the students on methods of reappropriation and direct intervention in public space. He has recently published a book on Constant and the Situationist city Constant imagined in the late 1950s and early 1960s (Constant / New Babylon, una città nomade, Testo & Immagine, Turin 2001), and participated with Stalker in many international exhibitions of contemporary art and architecture.
Walkscapes: Walking as an Aesthetic Practice
Walkscapes deals with strolling as an architecture of landscape. Walking as an autonomous form of art, a primary act in the symbolic transformation of the territory, an aesthetic instrument of knowledge and a physical transformation of the "negotiated" space, which is converted into an urban intervention. From primitive nomadism to Dada and Surrealism, from the Lettrist to the Situationist International, and from Minimalism to Land Art, this book narrates the perception of landscape through a history of the traversed city.
Stalker / Osservatorio Nomad > Francesco Careri (1966), Aldo Innocenzi (1964), Romolo Ottaviani (1967), Giovanna Ripepi (1965), Lorenzo Romito (1965), Valerio Romito (1971)
This hybrid collective, founded in Rome in 1995 is defined as an urban art laboratory. In 2000, Stalker presented Transborderline, a habitable structure made of barbless barbed wire symbolizing a three-dimensional frontier, shown in several exhibitions as the 7thVenice Biennal or Manifesta 3 in Lubljiana. In France, in 1997, the group exhibited at the Visual Arts Institute Gallery in Orleans, then at the Arc en Rêve Architectural Centre in Bordeaux in 2000. In 2001, Stalker took part in the exhibitions Paysages d’entre villes/Intercity Landscapes at the Zadkine Museum in Paris, Libérez Beaubourg/Free Beaubourg at the Pompidou Centre, and the GNS exhibition held at the Palais de Tokyo in 2003. In preferring “architectural actions”, Stalker focuses its interest on the city and everything that forms its abandoned and disused spaces and waste areas. It suggests to the public various walks through “urban voids”, and thus criss-crosses, Rennes, Milan, Miami or Berlin. Close to the theories of the Internationale Situationniste, Stalker creates a map based on residual places left over by galloping urbanism. By means of the above-mentioned methods, the collective proposes a reverse reading of a network which forms an architectural project: the urban mass turns into blocks separated by all the many channels of marginal zones devoid of all functionalism. Since May 1999, Stalker and the Kurdish community in Rome have been sharing a building called “Ararat”. The group is thus experimenting with a new form of public space based on accommodation and hospitality. Since 2001, Stalker promotes a research network called the Osservatorio Nomade. This contributes to the creative evolution of territories through crossed fields of planning, experimentation and educational programs in relation with local inhabitants.
EDWARD CASEY (PhD) - Casey is Leading Professor of Philosophy at SUNY, Stony Brook, where he has been chair of the department during most of the last decade. His early writings concerned imagination and memory, and in the 1990s he turned to the question of place in a series of books on this subject: Getting Back into Place, The Fate of Place, and Representing Place in Landscape Paintings and Maps. His effort has been to bring this neglected topic to a new level of rigorous description, and in particular to show the intimate ties between place and bodily experience. An exploration of contemporary painters is soon to appear: Earth-Mapping: Concerning Artists Who Map the Landscape. Still more recently, a study entitled The World at a Glance has been completed. New forays concern the edge and human feeling.
ROSALYN DEUTSCHE (PhD) - Since her book Evictions (1996), Rosalyn Deutsche (Barnard College and Columbia University, New York) has become widely recognised as one of the foremost thinkers in connection with the relationships between contemporary art and the politics of space.
Since the 1980s a great deal has been written on the relationship between art, architecture, and urban planning and design, on the one hand, and the politics of space on the other. In Evictions Rosalyn Deutsche investigates -- and protests against -- the dominant uses of this interdisciplinary discourse.
Deutsche argues that critics on both the left and the right invoke harmonious images of space that conceal and justify exclusions -- whether the space in question is a city, park, institution, exhibition, identity, or work of art. By contrast, she calls for a democratic spatial critique that takes account of the conflicts that produce and maintain all spaces, including the space of politics itself.
Evictions examines how aesthetic and urban ideologies were combined during the last decade to legitimize urban redevelopment programs that claimed to be beneficial to all, yet in reality tried to expunge traditional working classes from the city. Combining critical aesthetic theory about the social production of art with critical urban theory about the social production of space, Deutsche exposes this unspoken agenda. She then responds to a new alliance of prominent urban and cultural scholars who use critical spatial theory to protect traditional left political projects against the challenges posed by new radical cultural practices.
In her critique, Deutsche mobilizes feminist and postmodern ideas about the politics of visual representation and subjectivity. She also intervenes in debates taking place in art, architecture, and urban studies about the meaning of public space, and places these struggles within broader contests over the definition of democracy. Opposing the nostalgic belief that democracy's survival demands the recovery of a once unified public sphere, Deutsche contends that conflict, far from undermining public space, is a prerequisite for its existence and growth.
JAY GRIFFITHS is an award-winning writer whose work has appeared in the London Review of Books, The Guardian, The Observer, and the Ecologist. She lives in Wales. Griffiths' book "A Sideways Look at Time" won the 2003 Barnes & Noble Discover Great New Writers Award.
DOLORES HAYDEN - Ms. Hayden, an architect and urban historian, is the author of several award-winning books about American landscapes and the politics of design. Her latest is A Field Guide to Sprawl, a "devil's dictionary of bad building patterns illustrated with color aerial photography by Jim Wark, published by W. W. Norton in 2004. Building Suburbia: Green Fields and Urban Growth, 1820-2000, a history of seven types of American suburbs, appeared from Pantheon Books in 2003. Hayden has also worked on inner cities. The Power of Place: Urban Landscapes as Public History documents her years as the founder of a nonprofit corporation dealing with public art, public history, and historic preservation in Los Angeles. Gender and space are the subjects of two books, The Grand Domestic Revolution: A History of Feminist Designs for American Homes, Neighborhoods, and Cities (The MIT Press, 1981) and Redesigning the American Dream: Gender, Housing, Work, and Family Life (Norton, 1985, revised and expanded, 2002). Ms. Hayden has been a Guggenheim fellow as well as receiving Rockefeller, NEH, NEA, Whitney Humanities Center, and ACLS/Ford fellowships. Since 1973, Ms. Hayden has held academic appointments in architecture, landscape architecture, urban planning, and American studies in a teaching career that has spanned MIT, UC Berkeley, and UCLA as well as Yale, where she is now Professor of Architecture and Professor of American Studies. A collection of her poetry , American Yard , will appear in fall 2004.
WILLIAM LEAST HEAT-MOON - Author of one cult-classic road novel, Blue Highways, and one remarkable portrait of a small county in the American Midwest, PrairyErth, William Least Heat-Moon stands as one of the most influential travel writers of our time. His latest achievement, River-Horse, the third book of a trilogy that has taken him more than twenty years to complete, documents the adventure of a coast to coast journey from Elizabeth, New Jersey to Astoria, Oregon, made entirely over the nation's waterways.
LINDA HOGAN is a Chickasaw writer. She is the author of several books. These include Dwellings; A Spiritual History of The Natural World (W. W. Norton, 1995), a novel entitled Power (W.W. Norton), as well as novels Mean Spirit, and Solar Storms (Simon and Schuster). Mean Spirit was a finalist for a Pulitzer, and The Book of Medicines, a collection of poems, was a finalist for the National Book Critics Circle Award.
Hogan has received numerous awards, including a National Endowment for the Arts grant, a Guggenheim fellowship, a Lannan Foundation award, the Five Civilized Tribes Museum playwriting award, and in 1998, the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Native Writers Circle of the Americas. She has written a documentary narrative about the history of American Indian Religious Freedom, Everything Has A Spirit, seen now on PBS. She is one of three Indian writers hired by the Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian to co-author a book for the museum's grand opening. Hogan's section is on tradition and how it has been carried into recent times. She was also a co-editor, with Brenda Peterson, of Intimate Nature: The Bond Between Women and Animals, from Ballantine, and The Sweet Breathing of Plants, from Farrar Straus and Giroux. Two other new books will be out in June of 2000, The Woman Who Watches Over The World; A Native Memoir, from W. W. Norton; and The Mysterious Journey of The Gray Whale, (National Geographic Books). She is presently working on another novel, a book of poems, and two horses.
Hogan is a professor emeritus in the English Department at the University of Colorado in Boulder.
BASIA IRLAND - Based in Albuquerque, New Mexico, Basia Irland describes herself as "a sculptor and installation artist, a poet and book artist, and an activist in water issues." Her thoughtful interdisciplinary projects combine beautiful craftsmanship, a fascination with research and a participative engagement with the viewer.
Basia Irland received significant attention for "A Gathering of Waters: Rio Grande, Source to Sea" (1995- 2000) which was accompanied by a documentary in 1999. This complex participatory project involved an extended performance staged along the path of the world's third most endangered river, the 1885-mile Rio Grande/Río Bravo basin, which extends from Colorado, through New Mexico, along the Mexican border, and empties into the Gulf of Mexico.
"Hundreds of artists, government agencies, private water users, farmers, ranchers, Native American leaders, and ordinary people collected small river water samples in a canteen and logged their experiences in a field book. The canteen and log book, which were voluntarily passed hand-to-hand, community-to- community, traveled by "boat, raft, canoe, hot-air balloon, car, van, horseback, truck, bicycle, mail, and by foot," 43 tying diverse communities to a common interest."
Basia Irland's work physically embraces the notion of artist as field researcher and community activist calling attention to important water issues in the American Southwest. Through practical water retaining landscaping projects, artist books, and her curious wooden backpacks loaded with water samples and intricate maps, Irland brings a high level of art and engagement to her task.
KELLY KINDSCHER (PhD), who in 1983 spent 80 days walking 690 miles across the prairie from Kansas City to the Rocky Mountain foothills, has studied systematics and ecology at the University of Kansas and is the author of The Kansas Food System, Medicinal Wild Plants of the Prairie: An Ethnobotanical Guide, and a "Bibliography for the North American Prairies" in CoEvolution Quarterly. He has a Ph.D. in plant ecology from the University of Kansas and is a consultant for Prairieland Ecological Services. Dr. Kindscher's research interests are focused on prairie and montane meadow plant communities, wetland and prairie restoration, conservation of Midwest/Great Plains ecosystems, and ethnobotany.
BARBARA KIRSHENBLATT-GIMBLETT (PhD) is professor of the Department of Performance Studies, Tisch School of the Arts, New York University. Her research interests have focused in heritage politics, vernacular culture, including representations in performance and exhibition history, as well as in Jewish social science. Her publications include Destination Culture: Tourism, Museums and Heritage (University of California Press, 1998); “Confusing Pleasures,” in The Traffic in Culture: Refiguring Art and Anthropology, ed. George Marcus and Fred Myers (University of California Press, 1995); "The Electronic Vernacular," in Connected: Engagements with Media, ed. George Marcus (University of Chicago Press, 1996); and “Objects of Ethnography” in Exhibiting Cultures. The Poetics and Politics of Museum Display, ed. Ivan Karp and Steven D. Lavine (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1991).
SATISH KUMAR - In addition to being the founder of the Small School and the Director of Programmes at Schumacher College, Satish Kumar is currently the editor of Resurgence (an international magazine promoting peace, non-violence, ecology, sustainability, organic agriculture, appropriate technology and holistic philosophy). He has, in turn, been a Jain Muni (until age 18), a campaigner for land reform in the Bhoodan movement with Vinoba Bhave (until age 26), and a pilgrim for peace, walking from India to America without any money, from 1962-1964. In 1968, Satish established the London School of Non- violence in order to teach the Gandhian way of passive resistance to the youth of Europe. His autobiography, Path Without Destination, was published in 1999. In November 2001, Satish was presented with the Jamnalal Bajaj International Award for "Promoting Gandhian Values Abroad".
MIWON KWON (PhD) is Assistant Professor in the Department of Art History at UCLA. Her research and writings engage several disciplines including contemporary art, architecture, public art, and urban studies. She is a founding editor and publisher of Documents, a journal of art, culture, and criticism, and serves on the advisory board of October magazine. Her book One Place After Another: Site-Specific art and Locational Identity was recently published by The MIT Press.
DONNA LANDRY (PhD) - Landry is Professor of English, Wayne State University and Honorary Research Fellow, University of Exeter.
TEXT > The Invention of the Countryside: Hunting, Walking and Ecology in English Literature, 1671-1831 by Donna Landry. Houndmills and New York: Palgrave, 2001.
In the 18th century, increased sport and tourism began to supplement the use of land for agricultural production. Between the Game Act of 1671 and its repeal in 1831, writers on walking and hunting often held opposed views, but contributed equally to the origins of modern ecology, while attempting to preserve common rights in an era of growing privatization.
ARTICLE > Radical Walking - In a country obsessed with property and passion, the mere act of walking has often been seen as a political challenge. Yet English history is full of characters who have pushed against the boundaries to reclaim the empire underneath their feet.
LUCY LIPPARD is a writer and activist, author of 20 books on contemporary art cultural criticism, including one novel. She has done performances, comics, street theatre, and has curated some 50 exhibitions in the U.S., Europe, and Latin America. For thirty years she has worked with artist’s groups such as the Artworkers’ Coalition, Ad Hoc Women Artists Meeting for Cultural Change, The Alliance for Cultural Democracy (co-editor of” How to ’92" in the Campaign for a Post-Columbian World), and WAG (Women’s Action Coalition). She was co-founder of Printed Matter, The Heriesies Collective and journal, PADD (Political Art Documentation/Distribution) and its journal Upfront, and Artist Call Against U.S. Intervention in Central America. She continues to lecture frequently at museums and universities. At home, she has served as member of the Santa Fe County Open Land, and Trails Planning and Advisory Committee, edits her community newsletter, El Puente de Galiseo, and is on the Sante Fe Railyard Design Competition committee (and juror) with the Trust for Public Land.
Lippard graduated from Smith College (BA 1958) and the New York University Institute of Fine Arts (MA in Art History, 1962), has received Honorary Doctorates in Fine Arts from the Moore College of Art, the San Francisco Art Institute, the Maine College of Art, and the Massachusetts College of Art, as well as a Guggenheim Fellowship, the Frank Jewett Mather Award for Criticism from the College Art Association, two National Endowments for the Arts grants in criticism, the Claude Fues Award for Public Service from Phillips Andover Academy, a curating award from the Penny McCall Foundation, a citation from New York Mayor David Dinkins, the Frederick Douglass Award from the North Star Foundation, the Smith College Medal, and the Art Table Award for Distinguished Service to the Visual Arts. Lippard has been included in “Who’s Who in America for over a decade. She is a Research Associate at the Museum of Indian Arts and Culture/Laboratory of Anthropology in Sante Fe, New Mexico, and recently received a Lannan Foundation Completion Grant for a book on the Galisteo Basin, where she lives.
Lippard overwhelms us with the breadth of her reading and the comprehensiveness with which she considers the things that define place. In its final section of her latest book, The Lure of the Local is revealed as a sort of art book after all. Its intent is to explore the many things that those who make art or who make judgments about art should think about when they consider art that seeks to be contextual, site- specific, or place making.
STEPHANIE MILLS is an author, editor, lecturer, and sometime ecological activist. She has concerned herself with the fate of the Earth and humanity since 1969 when her commencement address at Mills College gained nationwide attention for its dramatic call to personal engagement with the crises of overpopulation and the degradation of the life of the land. Raised in Phoenix, Arizona, educated and employed in the San Francisco Bay Area from the mid-sixties to the mid-eighties, Mills is now a resident of Northwest Lower Michigan. A longtime bioregionalist, Stephanie Mills has written scores of articles and essays which have appeared in periodicals ranging from The Britannica Book of the Yearto Glamour. She is the editor of two books, In Praise of Nature (1990, Island Press) and Turning Away From Technology (1997, Sierra Club Books). She is the author of Whatever Happened to Ecology? (1989, Sierra Club Books) and In Service of the Wild (1995, Beacon Press). In 1996 Stephanie Mills was named one of the Utne Reader's Visionaries. She loves her home ground, but is frequently called elsewhere to give talks about the importance of staying put.
JOHN HANSON MITCHELL is the author of Following the Sun, The Wildest Place on Earth, Ceremonial Time, and Tresspassing and the editor of Sanctuary, the journal of the Massachusetts Audubon Society. Winner of the 1994 John Burroughs Essay Award, he received the 2000 New England Booksellers' Award for his body of work. He lives in Littleton, Massachusetts.
TEXT > Walking Towards Walden > If there is such a thing as an Americana pilgrimage, it must be to Concord. One brilliant Columbus Day, John Mitchell made just such a pilgrimage, from an ancient burial site, along the Great Road followed during the Revolution by the minutemen, fifteen miles to Sleepy Hollow Cemetery and the home not only of Thoreau but of Hawthorne, the Alcotts, and Emerson. Along the way of this delightful narrative, natural and human history converge and we begin to understand what is meant by ”a sense of place” and why this landscape is our country’s sacred site.
TEXT > Ceremonial Time > ”Ceremonial time” is the moment when past, present, and future can be perceived simultaneously. Experienced only rarely, usually during ancient dances or rituals, this escape from time is the gift of John Mitchell’s extraordinary writing. In this, his most magical book, he traces the life on a single spot in New England from the last ice age through years of Indians, shamans, and bears, to the colonists, witches and farmers, and now the encroaching ”parks.”
GARY PAUL NABHAN (PhD) is cofounder of Native Seeds/SEARCH, Director of Science at the Arizona- Sonora Desert Museum, and a member of the Ethnobiology and Conservation Team. He has been awarded a MacArthur Fellowship, a Pew Scholarship for conservation research, and John Burroughs Medal for nature writing. He lives in Arizona.
NELSON was born and raised in Madison, Wisconsin. He attended
the University of Wisconsin-Madison for both his undergraduate and graduate
studies. After several years as a biology major, he became disillusioned
with the analytical, quantitative, technology-bound approach of western
science and shifted to anthropology and the study of nature through
non-western cultural traditions.
DEBORAH PARSONS (PhD) has a BA in English Literature & Philosophy, and MA in Literature and the Visual Arts 1840-1940, both from the University of Reading. She studied for her doctorate at Birkbeck College, University of London, completing her thesis on women writers and the city in late nineteenth and early twentieth-century London and Paris. She is the author of Streetwalking the Metropolis: Women, the City, and Modernity.
Deborah teaches modules and supervises students in nineteenth and twentieth-century literature. She is the convenor of the Level 2 C period module ‘Literature and Change 1780-Present’, and part of the Independent Study team, convening the Dissertation/Research Project strand at Level 3. She is Chair of Postgraduate Programmes in the Department of English.
Deborah’s principal research interests are in Anglo-American modernism (particularly the writings of Djuna Barnes, Dorothy Richardson and Virginia Woolf), and in urban representation and culture from the nineteenth century to the present day, and she has published widely in these areas. With Dr Andrzej Gasiorek she organised the 2003 Modernist Studies Association conference, hosted by the University of Birmingham, and is developing the electronic journal in modernist studies, Modernist Cultures.
SCOTT RUSSELL SANDERS - Sanders' many publications include novels (THE INVISIBLE COMPANY, BAD MAN BALLAD, TERRARIUM, THE ENGINEER OF BEASTS), collections of short stories (WILDERNESS PLOTS, FETCHING THE DEAD), works of creative nonfiction (WRITING FROM THE CENTER, STAYING PUT, THE PARADISE OF BOMBS, SECRETS OF THE UNIVERSE, IN LIMESTONE COUNTRY), as well as books for children (THE FLOATING HOUSE, HERE COMES THE MYSTERY MAN, WARM AS WOOL, AURORA MEANS DAWN, HEAR THE WIND BLOW). His writing appears regularly in the Georgia Review, Orion, Audubon, and numerous anthologies. He has been awarded fellowships from the Guggenheim Foundation, the National Endowment for the Arts, and the Lilly Endowment. Sanders' work has also received the Associated Writing Programs Award in Creative Nonfiction, the Kenyon Review Award for Literary Excellence, the Great Lakes Book Award, and the Ohioana Book Award. For his work in nonfiction, Sanders received a Lannan Literary Award in 1995. He has received honorary degrees from Otterbein College, Berea College, and Unity College, and has been honored with Indiana University's highest teaching award, the Frederick Bachman Lieber Award for Distinguished Teaching, as well as the rank of Distinguished Professor.
Sanders has recently been the subject of a video from the Lannan Foundation and of interviews in The Fourth Genre, The Kenyon Review, The Sun, and The Chronicle of Higher Education. For an essay which appeared in Audubon, where he is a contributing editor, he won the John Burroughs Natural History Essay Award for 2000. His essay "The Force of Spirit" appeared in THE BEST AMERICAN ESSAYS 2000, the fourth time his work has appeared in this annual collection of outstanding nonfiction. Sanders' most recent books are HUNTING FOR HOPE (Beacon, 1998), THE COUNTRY OF LANGUAGE (Milkweed Editions, 1999) and THE FORCE OF SPIRIT (Beacon, 2000).
REBECCA SOLNIT is an essayist, critic and activist based in San Francisco. Her books include Secret Exhibition: Six California Artists of the Cold War Era (City Lights, 1990), Savage Dreams: a journey into the hidden wars of the American West (Sierra Club Books, 1994/Vintage Books, 1995), and A Book of Migrations: Some Passages in Ireland (Verso/1997). She is a contributing editor to Art issues and Creative Camera, a columnist for Grand Street, a regular contributor the the environmental magazine Sierra, the author of essays in numerous museum catalogues and books, such as the Whitney Museum's Beat Culture and the New America and the Denver Art Museum's Visions of America: Landscape as Metaphor in the Late Twentieth Century, as well as a political activist involved in nuclear, environmental and human rights issues.
CHARLENE SPRETNAK received an M.A. (1981) in English from the University of California, Berkeley. Her most recent book is The Resurgence of the Real: Body, Nature, and Place in a Postmodern World (1997). She is also the author of States of Grace: The Recovery of Meaning in the Postmodern Age (1991), The Spiritual Dimension of Green Politics (1986), and editor of The Politics of Women's Spirituality (1982). Her pioneering work has contributed to the framing of the women's spirituality, ecofeminist, and Green politics movements. Charlene lectures widely in the United States and Europe.
JOHN STILGOE - Stilgoe is Robert & Lois Orchard Professor in the History of Landscape at Harvard University. His many books include Common Landscape of America, 1580 to 1845 (Yale, 1982), The Metropolitan Corridor: Railroads and the American Scene (Yale, 1983), Borderland: Origins of the American Suburb, 1820-1939 (Yale, 1988), Alongshore (Yale, 1994), and Outside Lies Magic: Regaining History and Awareness in Everyday Places (Walker, 1998).
Outside Lies Magic: Discovering History and Inspiration in Ordinary Places is my latest book, published by Walker & Company of New York. It examines the rewards of walking and bicycling in ordinary landscapes.
YI-FU TUAN - Tuan, J. K. Wright and Vilas Professor emeritus of geography at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, is the recipient of numerous honors and the author of fifteen books including Topophilia; Space and Place; Cosmos and Hearth; Passing Strange and Wonderful; Dominance and Affection; and Escapism. His books have appeared in at least 16 translated editions.
When asked "Why are you a geographer?" Yi-Fu Tuan's eloquently simple response was, "I have always wanted to know what it is like to live on earth." These words provide a key to the man and his writing; he is not only geographer, but also philosopher and humanist, an unabashed Renaissance man in an age of rigid specialists, as readable an essayist as he is intrepid a scholar.
Born in Tientsin, China and educated at Oxford, Professor Tuan came to the United States in 1951, where he received a Ph.D. at the University of California, Berkeley in 1957 and went on to teach at, among others, the Universities of Indiana, New Mexico, Toronto, and Minnesota before coming in 1984 to Wisconsin. In 1987 he received the Cullum Geographical Medal of the American Geographical Society. At present he is J.K. Wright and Vilas Research Professor in the Geography Department at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
Tuan's numerous writings reflect his view of geography in its broadest sense, as the interaction of human being and environment and how we fashion a world out of everything around us: natural and man-made places such as countryside, garden, or city; our fellow animal and human beings; even food, music, study, thought. Early works such as Topophila and Space and Place establish the foundation that leads to his later focus on specific aspects of human life such as the nature of fear in our own and other societies in Landscapes of Fear, or the need of people to control and alter for often selfish purposes plants, animals, and fellow humans such as servants, children, or wives, in Dominance and Affection. In recent works such as The Good Life and Passing Strange and Wonderful, both of which received WLA Outstanding Achievement Recognition, he considers the meaning of ideas like comfort, happiness and beauty in modern and historical times and in various groups and countries. The array of sources he draws on is consistently wide-ranging and eclectic.
An original thinker whose intellectual curiosity knows no bounds, Yi-Fu Tuan opens surprising new windows on our everyday world and helps us ponder with amazement its vast and unending diversity.
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